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ISSN : 1017-7108(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
English Teaching Vol.73 No.4 pp.107-123

Writing Tasks to Elicit Language and Creativity: Describe Completed Drawings vs. First Draw, Then Describe

Sunhee Ryu**,Jungok Bae
Kyungpook National University
** Sunhee Ryu: First author; Jungok Bae: Corresponding author


This study investigated a new writing task that utilizes drawing to elicit students’ language and original thinking. Two forms of pictures were designed and administered to 118 children. One form was conventional and consisted of completed pictures, requiring students to simply describe the pictures in writing. The other form, which was new, comprised incomplete pictures, requiring students to first draw and then describe them in writing. The descriptions were scored for originality (to represent creative thinking) and vocabulary and text length (to reflect linguistic domains). The originality scores were higher for students who were given the unfinished pictures regardless of their writing proficiency. Vocabulary diversity and text length fluency depended on the level of writing proficiency: for poor writers, these abilities were facilitated when they were given completed pictures, while for good writers, the form variation made no difference. This study highlights that to stimulate original thinking, an unfinished picture form is useful because it affords students opportunities to express unique ideas regardless of poor or good writers.